Flora

There are about 500 plant species in Greenland, but there are big differences in the vegetation from the great polar deserts in the north to the lush and well protected valleys in the south. The Arctic summer is short but hectic, and it means that the country is flourishing in the period from early July to mid-August. Greenland’s national flower is broad-leafed willow-herb, which in Greenlandic called “Niviarsiaq” which means “young girl”.

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There are 22 species of trees and shrubs in Sisimiut and region, in June may Lapland Rose-bay seen both inside the city and out in the countryside, which is violet-colored flower. And many of the local residents go out to the countryside and pick Alpine Juniper and Bog Labrador Tea, which is used as a medical and cooking. From May to August month is the traditional picking crowberries (mountain crowberry) and blueberries (Arctic Blueberry, Bog Bilberry), the berries used for both baking and cooking, many of local freezes the berries such as they have them throughout the year.

There are 63 species of herbs in central Greenland, either you will find some of them in the city and out in nature. The herbs grow in different places such. lush and humid heaths, on rock walls, scrub, mountain fields and grasslands. When you take a hike in Sisimiut will find the colorful Common Harebell, Broad-leafed Willow-herb, which is Greenland’s national flower, so it can be you to pick some of the herbs and put them on the table as decoration for kaffemik. There are everywhere in the city of Greenland dandelions, snow buttercups, common yarrow, saxifragas and arctic poppies.

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Between May and June blooms 25 different species of grasses and reeds in Sisimiut and the area when you walk in the city you can see almost all of the Arctic-cotton grass, as the plant grows on wet peat, sand or clay bottom of lakes, ponds and along streams.

Besides all the plant species there are also mushrooms, ferns, algae, moss and lichen and horsetails and mosses, which can be found everywhere in the city and outside the city.

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